The IB requires students to select six subjects. They must take one from each of the six groups: three at higher level (HL) and three at standard level (SL).
This group consists of 3 Modern Languages-Hindi, French and Spanish offered at two levels: Ab initio and Language B. Language ab initio and language B are language acquisition courses designed to provide students with the necessary skills and intercultural understanding to enable them to communicate successfully in an environment where the language studied is spoken. This process encourages the learner to go beyond the confines of the classroom, expanding an awareness of the world and fostering respect for cultural diversity.
The course looks at developing students’ intercultural understanding and using language in a range of contexts and for a variety of purposes. In order to facilitate learning, the course focuses on texts in the following core areas: Social Relationships; Communication and Media; Global Issues. The course also addresses any two options of the following: Health, Culture and Tradition, Leisure, Cultural Diversity, Science and Technology.
This course is for non-native speakers who have had limited exposure to spoken and written English and Anglophone culture.
The language ab initio course is organized into three themes.
Each theme has a list of topics that provide the students with opportunities to practise and explore the language as well as to develop intercultural understanding. Through the development of receptive, productive and interactive skills, students should be able to respond and interact appropriately in a defined range of everyday situations.
Language ab initio is available at SL only.
Language B is an additional language-learning course designed for students with some previous learning of that language. The main focus of the course is on language acquisition and development of language skills. These language skills should be developed through the study and use of a range of written and spoken material. Such material will extend from everyday oral exchanges to literary texts, and should be related to the culture(s) concerned. The material should be chosen to enable students to develop mastery of language skills and intercultural understanding. It should not be intended solely for the study of specific subject matter or content.